Heilongjiang Province (黑龙江省), China Travel Guide


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Heilongjiang Province (黑龙江省) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located on the northeastern part of the country. The province borders Inner Mongolia to the west, Jilin Province to the south, and Russia to the north and east.

The name Heilongjiang means "Black Dragon River". The province includes the northernmost point of China, in Mohe County, and the easternmost, at the junction of the Amur and Ussuri rivers. The Amur River forms the natural border between China and Russia to the north.


Amur River, from Heilongjiang Province facing Russia
Amur River, from Heilongjiang Province facing Russia
Author: Prince Roy (Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic)

Heilongjiang Province covers an area of 460,000 sq km (180,000 sq mi). It is the 6th largest of the 22 provinces of the country. The province has a population of 38.3 million people, also placing it in sixth position. The provincial capital as well as largest city is Harbin.

Heilongjiang Province comprises thirteen prefecture-level divisions which consist of twelve prefecture-level cities and one prefecture. The prefecture-level cities include Harbin, Daqing, Hegang, Heihe, Jiamusi, Jixi, Mudanjiang, Qiqihar, Qitaihe, Shuangyashan, Suihua and Yichun, while the prefecture is Daxing'anling.


Harbin Ice Festival
Harbin Ice Festival
Author: Lin Yang (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)


Heilongjiang Province is renowned for its bitter winters, when temperatures can drop to below -31°C (-24°F). Summers are short and moderately warm, with temperatures rising to between 18°C (64°F) to 23°C (73°F).

Going to Heilongjiang Province

Harbin Taiping International Airport (HRB) is the main gateway to Heilongjiang Province. It receives regular flights from major cities in China as well as from Hong Kong, Seoul and Yakutsk.


Cathedral of Holy Wisdom, Harbin, Heilongjiang Province
Cathedral of Holy Wisdom, Harbin, Heilongjiang Province
Author: Andrew Ciceri (Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic)

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Major Cities in Heilongjiang Province

  1. Harbin - capital
  2. Daqing
  3. Hegang
  4. Heihe
  5. Jiamusi
  6. Jixi
  7. Mudanjiang
  8. Qiqihar
  9. Qitaihe
  10. Shuangyashan
  11. Yichun

Places of Interest in Heilongjiang Province

  1. Church of Holy Wisdom, Harbin
  2. Diaoshuilou Falls
  3. Heilongjiang Provincial Museum
  4. Lake Jingbo
  5. Siberian Tiger Preserve
  6. Temple of Heavenly Bliss, Harbin
  7. Zhaolin Park

Festivals in Heilongjiang Province

  1. Harbin Ice Festival (January)


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