UNESCO World Heritage Site Halong Bay Travel Guide

World / Asia / Vietnam / Halong Bay


Halong Bay, or Vinh Ha Long, is a tourist destination in the Gulf of Tonkin in northern Vietnam. It was recognised by Unesco as a World Heritage Site since 1994. I visited it with my wife (then girlfriend) and a small group of AsiaExplorers members, on a tour arranged through our hotel. We toured the bay in a traditional junk and spent the night on board. Located 170 km east of Hanoi, Halong Bay took me over three hours to reach.

The weather in Hanoi was balmy with light rain, so we were pleasantly surprised that upon reaching Halong Bay, we were treated with glorious sunshine. It was one of the sunniest days I have had on the whole trip, and it allowed me to take many great photographs of this scenic bay.

Halong Bay was inscribed as one of Vietnam's UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1994.

World Heritage Site Inscription Details

Location: N20 53 60 E107 5 60
Inscription Year: 1994
Type of Site: Natural
Inscription Criteria: VII, VIII

Villages on stilt at Halong Bay.

Translated into English, Vinh Ha Long means Bay of the Descending Dragon. The origin of this name is linked to one of the many skirmishes the Vietnamese had with their mighty neighbour up north, China.

According to legend, during one of the invasions mounted by the Chinese on Vietnam, the Vietnamese called upon the gods for assistance. The gods sent a troop of dragons to help defend the land. The dragons descended in Vietnam at Halong Bay. Out of their mouths came - not fire - but jewels, and these jewels transformed into the many isles and islets dotting the bay. These tiny islands became a natural shield against sea invasion, and three times in Vietnamese history, the labyrinthine passages through the islands prevented the Chinese from landing. Even the Mongols were thwarted in their 13th century attempt to conquer Vietnam - the Vietnamese led by General Tran Hung Dao planted steel-tipped wooden stakes into the sea bed. When the Mongol fleet passed through them, the stakes punctured their ships, sinking them.

Halong Bay covers an area of 1500 square kilometres. Within this area is close to two thousand limestone islands (someone counted and claimed there're 1969 islands) that jut out in spectacular fashion from the sea. The islands are similar to those at Phangnga Bay in Thailand, and come in unusual shapes.

Some of the islands in Halong Bay have rather fancy names such as Fighting Cock Island, a pair of limestone outcrops that look more like a two chicks about to, not fight, but kiss. There are so many islands, but the ones I can name include Yen Ngua Islet, Ba Trai Dao Islet, Con Coc Islet, Cong Do Island, Soi Sim Islet. We stopped over at Ti Top Island where we climbed up to the view point right up at the top.

The islands of Halong Bay are pockmarked with caves and grottoes. The largest of these is Sung Sut Cave. The scenery from the mouth of the cave is simply postcard perfect. The other significant caves in Halong Bay include Ba Ham Cave, Bo Nau Cave, Dau Go Cave, Kim Quy Cave, Luon Cave, Me Cung Cave, Tam Cung Cave, Thien Cung Cave and Trinh Nu Cave.

Going to Halong Bay

I think the simplest method is simply to book a tour package from any agencies in Hanoi. There are plenty of itineraries to choose from, and it beats the hassle of hammering something together yourself.

Halong Bay Photo Gallery

Let us show you the beauty of Halong Bay in pictures. Click to enter.

Halong Bay Night Gallery

Halong Bay takes on a different look when night falls and lights are turned on. I managed to make some fantastic shots aboard our junk to give you an idea of how it feels.

Halong Bay Travel Guide

Useful information to help you prepare for your trip to Halong Bay.

Halong Bay Photo Gallery

Photo Album of the panoramic sights in Halong Bay.

Halong Bay at Night

View Halong Bay when darkness falls and the lights come on.

Bo Hon Island

Click enter to see scenic views of beautiful Bo Hon Island.

Cat Ba National Park

We went kayaking at this national park to explore its beautiful caves and passages.

Cat Ba National Park Photo Gallery

Fighting Cock Island

This is a pair of rocky outcrops in Halong Bay.

Me Cung Cave

This is a cave in Halong Bay.

Sung Sot Cave

This is the biggest and grandest grotto in Halong Bay.

Sung Sot Cave Gallery

Titov Island

This is the island with a scenic viewpoint pavillion at its highest point.

Titov Island Gallery

Places of Interest in Vietnam

Vietnam is a land of cultural and natural beauty. Click enter to view many of the sights in Vietnam.

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